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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部職業訓練局(2001修訂)。職業簡介。1983初版。
  2. 王惠美、張仁家(2009)。大台北地區美容沙龍創業者專業能力與人格特質之相關研究,發表於第10屆提昇技職學校經營品質研討會,357-365。國立彰化師範大學工業教育與技術學系。
  3. 江文雄、田振榮、林炎旦(1999)。技職校院學生能力標準建構與能力分析模式之規劃研究。臺北:教育部技職司委託國立臺灣師範大學工業教育系研究。
  4. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2009)。就業服務統計。2009年10月23日取自
  5. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(1999)。能力本位訓練美容職類能力目錄。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局編印。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱珮柔(2012)。產學績優科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 張哲遠(2013)。大學生社團經驗對其創業能力與創業潛能影響之研究-以國立臺北科技大學為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-144。
  3. 王麗芬(2014)。科技校院美容相關科系學生美感素養之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-163。
  4. 梁淑貞(2016)。職能導向課程規劃對應屆畢業生從事相關產業意願之探討-以四技美容相關科系為例。臺北商業技術學院資訊與決策科學研究所學位論文。2016。1-76。
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