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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤儷寰(2011)。科技大學學生創造力人格特質與就業力關係之研究:就業力自我效能的中介效果(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北科技大學,臺北市。
  2. 沈子凌(2013)。成人補習教育產業創業管理模式之研究-以某命理補教機構為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立台北教育大學,臺北市。
  3. 吳美連、莊文隆、洪培峻(2012)。職場新鮮人之核心自我評價、創業動機與創業傾向關係之研究-以南部某大學為例中原企管評論。中原企管評論,10(1),73-92。
  4. 吳雪惠(2006)。婦女創業的相關因素探討(未出版碩士論文)。元智大學,桃園縣。
  5. 周育叡、艾昌瑞、連雅慧(2012)。回復力觀點探討創業家的失敗學習。社會服務與休閒產業研究。1,1-16。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉祖成(2016)。誰能勝出?補習班動態能耐對服務創新與經營績效影響之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-148。
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