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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 民法(2008年修正)。台北市:總統府。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2003)。「個案管理員」招考簡章。台北市:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  3. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2007)。促進青少年就業中長期計畫。2008年2月18日,取自:
  4. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2007a)。個案管理員招募、培訓計畫。台北市:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2007b)。個案管理員輔導工作手冊。台北市:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王群翔(2010)。公路監理機關汽車檢驗員之專業職能研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-163。 
  2. 呂昌翰(2014)。高雄市中輟個案管理中心個案之研究。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-127。 
  3. 陳聖芳(2010)。就業服務專業人員職能之研究。大葉大學人力資源暨公共關係學系學位論文。2010。1-148。
  4. 陳惠娟(2011)。自動化職能資料擷取與分析系統之建置。朝陽科技大學資訊管理系學位論文。2011。1-136。
  5. 王思嵐(2013)。臺北市高職餐飲管理科建教生實習先備職能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-171。
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