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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [10] Stahel, R. W., Sustainability and services, UK: Greenleaf Publishers, 2001, ISBN 1-874719-33-0.
  2. [11] CEC, Green Paper on Integrated Product Policy, Brussels: Commission of the European Communities, 2001.
  3. [13] Lindhqvist, T. and Lidgren, K., Models for Extended Producer Responsibility, in From the Cradle to the Grave — Six Studies of the Environmental Impact of Products, Sweden: Swedish Ministry of the Environment, 1990.
  4. [16] Chen, S. J. and Hwang, C. L., Fuzzy Multiple Attribute Decision Making-Method and Application, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992, p.465-473.
  5. [17] Klir, G. J. and Yuan, B., Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, New Jersey: Prentice Hall PTR, 1995.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 藍勻薇(2011)。第四方物流BPO服務評估模式之研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-144。 
  2. 林郁孜(2011)。實現低碳社會-碳足跡計算器架構之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-127。 
  3. 曾鈺雯(2011)。利用系統動力學探討產品服務系統之碳足跡評估-以洗衣行為為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-116。 
  4. 林容瑋(2011)。產品服務系統之減碳評估-以洗衣機為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。 
  5. 林聖勳(2012)。企業導入產品服務化系統之可行性評估。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-75。
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