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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻:
  2. 內政部統計處(1999)。臺閩地區社會福利工作人員統計分析。台北:內政部。
  3. 社會工作專業人員協會(2000)。社會福利機構資訊管理系統。台北:社會工作專業人員協會。
  4. 毛家舲、李引玉(1992)。精神科護士的壓力感受與因應行為。護理雜誌,39(1),pp.107-118。
  5. 王玉婷(2002)。基層員警生涯投注感與其相關因素研究。國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (38) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉嘉仁(2011)。護理人員角色壓力、工作滿意、職業承諾與離職傾向關聯性之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-82。 
  2. 陳忠情(2010)。生涯承諾、工作壓力、社會支持對組織承諾影響之研究-以某特勤組織為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-131。 
  3. 張育瑞(2010)。保險公司理賠員生涯發展、人格特質與工作壓力之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-94。 
  4. 楊庭維(2011)。家扶中心社工人員組織社會化、工作壓力調適對工作生活品質之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-66。 
  5. 陳雅純(2011)。澎湖縣國民小學教師工作價值觀、工作生活品質與工作投入關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-153。 
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