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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Jerrold S. Greenberg 著,潘正德譯(2001)。壓力管理。台北:心理。
  2. 李錦鳳(2010)。精神醫療社會工作者工作壓力與因應策略之研究。長榮大學社會工作學系研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  3. 李逸、邱啟潤(2013)。服務使用者觀點之「好居家服務員」特質探討。護理暨健康照護研究。第9卷第2期,148頁-156頁。
  4. 呂寶靜、陳正芬(2009)。我國居家照顧服務員職業證照與培訓制度之探究:從英國和日本的作法反思臺灣。社會政策與社會工作學刊。第13第1期,185頁-233頁。
  5. 吳淑瓊(2004)。從「長期照護先導計畫」之執行看我國社式長期照護體系之建構。社區發展季刊。第106期,88頁-90頁。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃棋傲(2015)。中高齡智障者主要照顧者壓力及因應策略-以屏東縣為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2015。1-178。 
  2. 簡妙帆(2017)。看不見的眼淚:探討居家照顧服務員面對死別情境的經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-170。 
  3. 張麟洪(2003)。國小高年級女童不同身體質量指數與運動覺之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2003。1-74。
  4. 賀為國(2015)。原住民籍照顧服務員跨族群居家服務經驗 及培訓需求之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-91。
  5. 劉霈穎(2015)。苗栗縣高齡居家服務員服務經驗之探討。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-148。
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