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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 190 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 石世豪,我國固定通信網路開放用戶迴路的法律分析,律師雜誌第296期,2004年5月。
  2. 7. 莊春發,從市場定義檢討公平交易法草案有關獨占的認定與結合的管制,經濟研究第30期,1990年6月。
  3. 8. 陳人傑,網路產業競爭政策初探--以網路效應理論為中心,科技法律透析第13卷第4期,2001年4月。
  4. 13. 劉靜怡,初探網路產業的市場規範及其未來:以United States V. Microsoft案的發展為主軸,台大法學論叢第28卷第4期,1999年7月。
  5. 14. 簡仁德,寬頻網路應用與建設,研考雙月刊28卷1期,2004年2月。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱懷祖(2009)。從用戶迴路租用到基礎設施競爭—論細分化接取之管制必要性。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  2. 林煜騰(2014)。論公民與政治權利國際公約下仇恨性言論之管制 -以跨國網路為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-231。 
  3. 張正憲(2014)。通訊傳播業的結合管制-雙元權力規範下之分權與運作。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-204。 
  4. 呂書賢(2008)。網路電話社會管制之研究—以通訊保障及監察為中心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2008。1-155。
  5. 賴怡君(2012)。網路中立原則 - 我國管制可能性之研究。中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。2012。1-164。
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