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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. Robson, R. L.; Eady, R. R.; Richardson, T. H.; Miller, R. W.; Hawkins, M.; Postgate, J. R. Nature 1986, 322, 388.
    2. 3. (a) Goldwaser, I.; Li, J.; Gershonov, E.; Armoni, M.; Karnieli, E.; Fridkin, M.; Shechter, Y. J. Biol. Chem. 1999, 274, 26617. (b) Crans, D. C.; Yang, L.; Jakusch, T.; Kiss, T. Inorg. Chem. 2000, 39, 4409.
    3. 4. Curci, R.; Di Furia, F.; Testi, R.; Modena, G. J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2. 1974, 752.
    4. 5. Nakajima, K.; Kojima, M.; Fujita, J. Chem. Lett. 1986, 1483.
    5. 6. Bolm, C.; Bienewald, F. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1995, 34, 2640.
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林佳緯(2013)。N-亞柳胺基酸衍生之掌性氧釩錯合物催化 α-重氮酯類行不對稱 N-H 嵌合反應及亞胺化合物行不對稱轉胺化反應之研究。清華大學化學系所學位論文。2013。1-154。 
    2. 邱昭賢(2006)。臺北市立國民中學自然與生活科技領域教師教學困擾之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-141。
    3. 袁慶齡(2010)。國中生活科技創新教學對學生科技創造力影響之研究-以仿田宮迷你四驅車概念之振動機為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-233。
    4. 王書賢(2012)。國中生科技學習現況與偏好之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-131。
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