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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 尹啟銘,「產品創新自由度、企業策略與技術政策之關係」,政大企研所未出版博士論文,1989。
  2. 5. 司徒達賢,「策略管理」,遠流出版社,1995年1月。
  3. 7. 何雍慶、洪清德、黃德舜、鎮明常、郭金茂、李秋錦、沈錦全、萬永彬、黃達人,「鋼品國內供需及其競爭力之調查分析-鋼條類」,台灣區鋼鐵工業同業公會和國立中正大學企業管理研究所,1996年8月12日。
  4. 16. 李漢雄、郭書齊,「提升競爭優勢的人力資源策略—談創新力發展與創新活動導入」,勞資關係論叢,第7期,第7卷,頁31-62,1998。
  5. 31. 郭崑謨,「管理概論」,三民書局,1986。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳慧如(2009)。國際驗證產業生態之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  2. 黃毓琦(2005)。高職教師的創新教學行為與人格特質之相關研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-181。 
  3. 吳昱蒼(2010)。高科技產業策略領導、組織創新能力與動態能力關係模式之研究–組織創新氣候節制效果之驗證。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2010。1-146。 
  4. 黃麗雲(2012)。競爭與績效氣候在轉型領導與分行績效之間扮演的角色-IPO觀點。樹德科技大學金融系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-55。 
  5. 曾文祺(2014)。探討「系統化創新工具」教學下認知風格對創造力學習成效之影響。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2014。1-75。 
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