Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳森壬(民70),「員工個人屬性、需求層次、工作特性與工作滿足之關係」,政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 尹衍樑(民87),「組織變革策略對組織承諾之影響研究-以潤泰工業股份有限公司電腦化為例」。台北:台灣經濟研究雜誌社。
  3. Alderfer,C.P.(1972).Existence Relatedness and Growth Need in Organizational Setting. New York: The free press.
  4. Arvey,R.&Dewhirst,H.D.(1976).Relationships between goal clarity,participation in goal setting, and personality characteristics on job satisfaction in a scientificPsychology.5.pp.201-205.
  5. Baird.L.S.(1976).Relationship of performance to satisfaction in Stimulating and nonstimulation jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology.61.pp.721-727.
Times Cited (25) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周依蒨(2009)。華人文化對創新精神之影響。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  2. 謝豐昌(2008)。師資培育學系學生生涯規劃之研究--以台東大學為例。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-178。 
  3. 蘇怡璋(2006)。企業經理人生涯發展認知、生涯路徑選擇與組織承諾關係之研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2006。1-160。 
  4. 李諺勳(2007)。餐旅從業人員生涯發展與組織承諾之研究──以國際觀光旅館為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  5. 張仕宏(2004)。組織變革認知與員工工作壓力及組織承諾關聯性之研究─以三家國防機構合併案為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-102。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :