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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 尹啟銘、司徒達賢、黃俊英,民78,產品創新自由度、企業策略與技術政策之關係-台灣資訊電子業實證研究,管理評論,頁73-98。
  2. 4. 王弓編,2002,2002半導體工業年鑑,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心
  3. 11. 李靜芳,2000,以購併方式取得技術之策略決策與尋找檢視,元智大學管理研究所八十八年度未出版碩士論文。
  4. 24. 莊偉傑,范哲豪,(民91),知識經濟在半導體產業的實現-SIP,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心
  5. 29. 陳郁信,2001,不同技術移轉類型對契約條款影響之研究,私立中原大學企業管理學系未出版之碩士論文
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾詩芳(2004)。國內外矽智財權(SIP)商業模式之比較與產業分析。元智大學企業管理學系學位論文。2004。1-115。
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