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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 財政部證券暨期貨管理委員會 (1999),期貨管理法令摘錄(中英文本),台北。
  2. 1. Andersen, P., and N. C. Petersen (1993), “ A Procedure for Ranking Efficiency Units in Data Envelopment Analysis,” Management Science, Vol. 39, No. 10, pp. 1261-1264.
  3. 2. Banker, R. D., A. Charnes, and W. W. Cooper (1984), “ Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiency in Data Envelopment,”Management Science, Vol. 30, No.9, pp. 1078-1092.
  4. 3. Banker, R. D., R. F. Conrad, and R. P. Strauss (1986), “ A Comparative Application of Data Envelopment Analysis and Translog Methods : An Illustrative Study of Hospitsl Production,”Management Science, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 30-44.
  5. 7. Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper, and E. Rhodes (1981), “ Evaluating Program and Managerial Efficiency : An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Program Follow Through,” Management Science, Vol. 27, No.6, pp. 668-697.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴弘裕(2006)。台灣期貨業的危機管理之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-83。 
  2. 王世維(2009)。工廠管理績效評估之研究-以紡紗工廠為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2009。1-114。 
  3. 張立德(2008)。本國期貨商之策略分析與關鍵成功因素-以H公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2008。1-97。
  4. 鄭暐達(2014)。台灣期貨商經營績效之評估。臺北科技大學經營管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-66。
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