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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 385 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 29、劉博文,智慧財產權之保護與管理,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,2002年7
  2. 30、劉宗榮,保險法,1995年8月初版。
  3. 7、經濟部技術處編印,產業技術白皮書1997,民國87年6月出版。
  4. 4、林德瑞,論懲罰性賠償金可保性之法律爭議,國立中正大學法學集刊,民國
  5. 5、林茂如,Canon公司的智慧財產權管理制度面面觀,智慧財產管理季刊,1997
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳文良(2009)。建構台灣太陽能電池產業之企業發展合作網絡模型。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-156。 
  2. 鍾俊魁(2011)。高科技公司專利策略佈局與運用之研究。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。
  3. 黃嘉玲(2013)。發明人數、專利範疇、專利活動年期對公司績效之影響 ─ 以美國製藥業為例。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-53。
  4. 段思妤(2013)。從專利侵害角度探討專利侵權責任保險於我國之檢討與實踐--以契約條款之研議與詮釋為中心。中正大學財經法律學系學位論文。2013。1-152。
  5. 王健安(2015)。企業併購中商譽認列與攤銷問題—以最高行政法院100年12月第1次庭長法官聯席會議決議為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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