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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳萱萱,2009年,外商IC設計公司行銷通路夥伴選擇之研究分析-以美商Q公司為例,淡江大學國際商學系碩士論文。
  2. 吳家誼,2014年,終止數位地面廣播電視服務之可行性分析,國立成功大學電信管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 李堯賢、鄭國樑,2013年,結合模糊理論、DANP及TOPSIS之多準則決策方法-以台灣生態旅遊景點選擇為例,育達科大學報,35期,頁31-56。
  4. 林錦玉,2011年,工具機製造廠商經營策略之研究,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  5. 周宇輝、胡林煥、康正男,2014年,我國都會區申辦國際大型運動賽會運動場館發展策略之研究,臺灣體育運動管理學報,13卷2期,頁175-199。
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