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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 273 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方德信(2004)。國民中小學教師透過網路在職進修動機與學習成效(未出版之碩士論文)。台北教育大學,台北。
  2. 李大偉、張玉山、何宜軒(2006)。建構取向的網路化問題解決教學活動設計。科技教育課程改革與發展學術研討會論文集,76-83。
  3. 余政賢、梁雲霞(2008)。轉化與再生 :資訊科技融入課程設計之實踐省思。課程與教學季刊,11(3),129-154。
  4. 林泰安(2008)。問題導向學習輔以網路合作模式應用於石門水庫集水區地理環境教育成效評量之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。台灣師範大學,台北。
  5. 林清山、程炳林(1995) 。國中生自我調整學習因素與學習表現之關係暨自我調整的閱讀理解教學策略效果之研究。教育心理學報,28,15-58。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 駱惠中(2013)。網路化問題本位學習對國小學生青春期健康教育學習成效之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-149。 
  2. 吳小惠(2013)。國小科學教師實施問題本位學習 的困難及因應策略。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-98。
  3. 戴于哲(2015)。網路化問題本位學習對國中學生自我導向學習之成效。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-70。
  4. 江玳嫻(2015)。國中綜合活動領域實施「問題本位學習」對九年級學生學習成效的影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-110。
  5. 鄭暐翰(2017)。問答式即時反思系統對學生學習影響之探討。中原大學資訊工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-107。
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