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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王友慶(2006),金融產業結構行為與績效之研究-以台灣金融控股公司為例,私立長榮大學經營管理碩士論文。
  2. 司徒達賢(1995),策略管理,台北:遠流。
  3. 林彥光(2006),都市型態與能源消費之關聯性研究-台灣地區實證分析,私立長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文。
  4. 陳明昕(2006),台灣地區投信產業策略群組之實證研究,國立台灣大學商學組碩士論文。
  5. 蕭慕荊(2003),TFT-LCD產業策略群組廠商之關鍵成功因素探討,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黎采瑩(2013)。台灣觀光旅館產業之策略群組研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-81。 
  2. 許鴻文(2012)。台灣飲料產業策略群組之競爭研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-67。 
  3. 胡博婷(2013)。手機產業競爭策略群組研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-56。
  4. 李慧慧(2014)。從受託人義務與治理機關監督機制論我國證券投資信託基金之法制。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-218。
  5. 翁怡璇(2017)。臺灣驗證產業策略群組研究—以能源管理系統為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-66。
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