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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方心怡 (2011)。高雄市國中教師工作壓力、工作投入與組織承諾關係之研究。國立政治 大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 朱名之 (2009)。桃園縣國民小學教師人格特質、情緒智力、工作壓力、壓力因應方式關 係之研究。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  3. 呂幸珠 (2007)。桃園縣公立國民中學導師工作壓力與工作倦怠相關之研究。國立台灣師 範大學工業教育學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 呂美玲 (2008)。台北市立國民中學教師工作壓力與情緒管理關係之研究。國立台灣師範 大學工業教育學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 李小娟 (2008)。桃園縣國中英語教師工作壓力與教學效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研 究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊富彬(2015)。桃園市國小教師工作價值觀、工作壓力與幸福感關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-151。 
  2. 謝瑞洋(2010)。全民健保制度下使用自費醫材之規制。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-228。
  3. 鄒秀惠(2015)。嘉義縣國民中學導師工作壓力與工作倦怠關係之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-168。
  4. 吳沛杰(2016)。員警工作壓力對工作倦怠與退休態度之影響。義守大學公共政策與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-51。
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