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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王微茹、林芳儀、王正平、賴宏昇(2008)。台北市大學生之休閒參與及幸福感之研究。休閒與遊憩研究,2(2),131-167。
  2. 朱玲慧(2011)。大學生自尊、同儕關係對復原力與幸福感的影響(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學,台北市。
  3. 吳武忠、江珮瑜(2003)。高職餐飲管理科建教合作生自我概念與實習機構社會適應關係之研究。觀光研究學報,9(1),91-106。
  4. 吳武典、林繼盛(1985)。加強家庭聯繫對兒童學習效果與家庭氣氛的影響。師大教育心理學報,18,97-116。
  5. 李素菁(2002)。青少年家庭支持與幸福感之相關研究--以台中市立國中生為例(未出版之碩士論文)。靜宜大學,台中市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉懿儀(2017)。桃園市國中特教教師幸福感與教學效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-148。 
  2. 張 美(2015)。國中教師自我效能、情緒管理與教師幸福感關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
  3. 洪怡靜(2013)。高中職餐旅群教師教學效能與幸福感關係之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-207。 
  4. 陳珮瑜(2015)。綠色能源課程介入及背景因素對高職學生綠色能源知識影響之研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2015。1-274。 
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