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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音、林怡靜、徐美苓、邢一如(2000)。傳染病爆發時民眾的預防行為-1998年的腸病毒流行。中華衛誌,19(5),397-406。
  2. 江大雄(2005)。花蓮縣學齡前嬰幼兒桿菌性痢疾之配對病例對照研究。台灣衛誌,24(5),431-439。
  3. 李秉穎(2000)。腸病毒震撼,遠流,台北。
  4. 郭秋勳、汪令娟(2006)。教育介入對學齡前兒童主要照顧者的口腔保健知識、態度和行為影響研究。明道學術論壇,2(1),29-44。
  5. 李蘭(1991)。健康行為的概念與研究。中華衛誌,10(5),199-211。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳玲(2016)。私立青青幼兒園大班與小班教師情緒勞務之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-146。
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