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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王立達(2000),〈法釋義學研究取向初探:一個方法論的反省〉,《法令月刊》,第51期第9卷,頁23-33。
  2. 吳庚(2000),〈憲法審判制度的起源與發展─兼論我國大法官釋憲制度〉,《法令月刊》,第51卷第10期,頁9-29。
  3. 李建良(2004),〈中央與地方的權限劃分與財政負擔-全民健保補助費分擔問題暨釋字第五五○號解釋研析〉,《人文與社會科學集刊》,第16卷第1期,頁73-115。
  4. 李愷其(2008),《第七屆大法官違憲審查標準之研究─以平等權、自由權案例為中心》,臺灣師範大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 沈冠伶(2004),〈訴訟權保障與民事訴訟─以大法官關於「訴訟權」之解釋為中心〉,收於《司法院大法官九十三年度學術研討會論文集及紀錄》,台北:司法院書記處,頁53-113。
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