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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何全進、杜登明(2001)。運動績優保送生的回顧與展望—以中興大學籃球運動績優生為例—。大專體育,55,72-76。
  2. 吳長展(2005)。中國優秀運動員獎勵制度之探討。大專體育,78,1-5。
  3. 吳海助(2002)。師院體育系學生如何充實現在、準備未來。大專體育,61,17-21。
  4. 吳海助(2003)。優秀游泳選手的成長歷程—以台中師院黃嘉君的個案分析。中華體育,17(1),110-118。
  5. 呂碧琴(1990)。運動員退休經驗研究:以我國優秀田徑運動員為個案。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗娥(2011)。原夢.緣夢.圓夢---- 一位街舞者的生命故事敘說。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-184。
  2. 蔡豐憶(2016)。角色衝突與體保生的生活適應-以北部一所國立大學為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2016。1-51。
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