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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 7.Lucy R. Lippard著,張正仁譯,《普普藝術》,台北:遠流,1994年。
    2. 22.吳翎君,《歷史教學理論與實務》,台北:五南,2004年。
    3. 55.陳冠華,《追尋更有意義的歷史課-英國中學歷史教育改革》,台北:龍騰文化事業,2001年。
    4. 3.江蕙如,《建構主義在歷史教學上的理論與實踐--以國二中國現代史教學為例》,國立臺灣師範大學歷史系在職進修碩士論文,2003。
    5. 7.吳家琪,《心領神會:國中生歷史思維能力之探討-以歷史理解為中心》,國立臺灣師範大學歷史系在職進修碩士論文,未出版。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 葉昭岑(2015)。學思達教學法運用於國中九年級地理科學生學習之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-156。 
    2. 黃琇美(2012)。環境教育在歷史教學上的理論與實踐 -以桃園縣龍岡地區忠貞新村的人文環境為例。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-398。
    3. 吳嘉貴(2012)。鄉土史蹟在國中歷史教學上的理論與實踐-以清領時期屏東地區的史蹟為例。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-180。
    4. 徐毅穎(2012)。高中生科技素養與科技態度相關之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-240。
    5. 蔡宜芬(2013)。教師教學轉化的歷程探究-以歷史科為例。臺灣師範大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2013。1-158。
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