Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳金樹(2007)。臺北縣參與試辦教師專業發展評鑑國民小學教師壓力管理與工作滿意度關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 李宥賢(2007)。中部地區國民小學校長領導型態與學校組織變革關係之研究。國立暨南國際大學教育政策與行政學系碩士論文,未出版,南投市。
  3. 張明輝(1999)。九○年代中小學學校教育革新之策略與展望。教育研究集刊,43,103-137。
  4. 張明輝(1999)。學校教育與行政革新研究。臺北市:師大書苑。
  5. 張夏平(2007)。學校組織變革與教師專業發展關係之研究-以臺南市國民中小學為例。國立臺南大學教育經營與管理研究所博士論文,未出版,臺南市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鈺欣(2012)。推動國中教師評鑑策略選擇之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  2. 聶星(2008)。銀行業實施平衡計分卡之探討-以某銀行國內營業單位為例。臺北大學會計學系學位論文。2008。1-99。
  3. 胡依珊(2017)。馬來西亞華文獨中教師評鑑制度實施意見之研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系馬來西亞境外碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-222。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :