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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王蓁蓁(2000)。臺北縣國中生之壓力源、因應方式與生活適應之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 林美珍(2009)。國中生樂觀特質、社會支持、因應策略與生活適應之相關研究。
  3. 陳淑惠、翁儷禎、蘇逸人、吳和懋、楊品鳳(2003)。中文網路成癮量表之編製與心理計量特性研究。中華心理學刊,45(3),279-294。
  4. 陳李綢、蔡順良(2006)。中學生情緒智慧、人際因應、自我效能及生活適應測量與適應性指標研究。邁向卓越教育國際研討會-教育指標與學習評鑑師資培育政策。
  5. 黃雅彗(2005)。生活壓力與網路沉迷之相關研究─以新莊地區國中生為例。國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪子雅(2014)。國中生網路閱讀行為與學習成效之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-108。 
  2. 江玉萱(2016)。運用創意教學策略對國中生網路素養學習效果之研究。中原大學心理學系學位論文。2016。1-148。 
  3. 李梅鳳(2016)。國中生希望感、自我效能與生活適應之關聯性研究:以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-139。 
  4. 何惠凱(2013)。國小中年級學童網路使用行為與學習成就之相關研究。高雄師範大學資訊教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  5. 葉慶雯(2012)。國中生知覺導師領導風格、班級氣氛與生活適應關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-99。
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