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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 328 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹美琪(2002)。專責單位主導之「服務-學習」課程—以輔仁大學為例。通識教育季刊,9(3),35-72。
  2. 文忠蓮(2010)。大學服務學習教育之研究。國立台北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 王俞舒(2011)。專業課程導入服務學習教學模式之研究—以資訊安全課程為例。清雲科技大學資訊管理所碩士論文,未出版,新北市。
  4. 王薇雅(2009)。大學生服務學習成效之相關因素研究—以南部四所大學校院為例。台南科技大學商學與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  5. 王繼維(2009)。探索教育方案對提升成人學習者公民素養之研究。國立暨南國際大學成人與繼續教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,南投縣。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫慕亞(2015)。淡江大學「社團經營與實作課程」評估之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2015。1-205。 
  2. 陳怡君(2016)。臺灣八年級學生公民知識與公民素養對公民參與行為意向之研究-以ICCS2009資料庫為例。彰化師範大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-129。
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