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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 182 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3、王拓,2002.12.25,〈國會再不改革 廢掉算了!〉,台北: 《中國時報》15版。
    2. 48、林金莖,1992.7,〈日本國會制度概述〉,台北: 《法令月刊》第四十三卷第七期,頁14-23。
    3. 124、鄭明德,1998.8,〈論立法院黨團的法律意義與地位〉,台北: 《律師雜誌》236期,頁90-98。
    4. 4、Carole Pateman ,1970 , Participation and Democratic Theory , Cambridge 。
    5. 5、Charles Wesley Harris, 1995, "Congress and the Governace of the Nation's Capital" ,the Congress of Federal and Local Interests, Washington D.C.: Georgeton University Press。
    Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
    1. 俞傳旺(2008)。陳水扁總統宣示「終統」後對美「中」台關係之影響。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-135。 
    2. 張藝騰(2015)。「節能減碳」政治可行性分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。 
    3. 李麗莉(2014)。二代健保合法化過程之研究-以補充保險費為焦點。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-187。 
    4. 周建邦(2009)。現階段立法院黨團協商之研究(2008.2.1至2009.6.16)。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2009。1-239。 
    5. 彭韻如(2006)。原住民族基本權益之探討──以原住民基本法為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-158。
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