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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 474 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建智(2003)。國民小學教師知識管理與教學效能關係之研究。台
  2. 吳明隆(1992)。國民小學學生電腦態度及其相關因素之研究。國立
  3. 李佳蓁(2005)。高職學生網路成癮相關因素及學習成就之探討。中
  4. 李威伸 (2003)。文化資本與學業成就關係之研究——以台中市國中
  5. 李美月(2003)。高中生課外閱讀與學業成就關係之研究。屏東師範
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡慧音(2008)。幼兒教師數學教學知識管理之研究。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2008。1-192。 
  2. 陳樞錞(2015)。青少年社群網站網路霸凌之探討。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-128。 
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