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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方德隆(1999),「九年一貫課程學習領域之統合」,新世紀中小學課程改革與創新教學學術研討會論文,高雄﹕高雄師範大學教育學系,。
    2. 林火旺(1997),倫理學,台北﹕空大。
    3. 林儒(1998),「法治教育研究的新方向--法律社會化」,訓育研究季刊,36卷1期,頁14-17。
    4. 邱天助(1993),Bourdieu文化再製理論之研究,台北﹕國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
    5. 洪鎌德(1998),21世紀社會學,台北:揚智文化。
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃一喬(2015)。新北市國民中學法治教育實施與國中生公民素養關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-188。 
    2. 李冬梅(2002)。台北地區國中公民與道德科教師法治知識與態度之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-167。
    3. 王嘉恩(2003)。全球化對我國公民教育影響之研究--以法治教育為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2003。1-0。
    4. 吳婌菱(2007)。國中社會學習領域公民課程與高中公民與社會課程銜接之研究 - 以法律部分為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-230。
    5. 温珮夙(2009)。基隆市國中教師法治知識與法治態度之調查研究。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-149。
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