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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林明幟(民86)。減低族群偏見方案在國小實施成效之研究。台北市立師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  2. 林青青(民87)。國民中學「認識台灣—社會篇」課程之分析—從多元文化教育觀點。國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
  3. 張耀宗(民85)。教科書中的原住民圖象。原住民教育季刊,第四期,頁43-50。
  4. 黃政傑、張嘉育(民87)。多元文化教育的問題與展望。教育研究資訊,6(4),頁69-81。
  5. 黃琇屏(民84)。國民中學公民科法律科書內涵分析之研究。國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究碩士碩文。未出版。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顧書華(2011)。國中社會教科書多元文化教育內涵之內容分析。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-95。 
  2. 張如慧(2000)。原住民女學生學校生活經驗中之潛在課程研究: 以山海中學原住民藝能班為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2000。1-299。
  3. 陳鏗任(2002)。香港中小學教科書公民教育內涵之分析。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2002。1-217。
  4. 汪素娥(2004)。外籍配偶成人基本教育教材研究--以多元文化教育觀點。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-190。
  5. 黃尚文(2006)。多元文化思潮之爭議及其對台灣多元文化教育之啟示。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-221。
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