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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 辛治寧,1999,活動單設計初步與在博物館教育之應用,科技博物,3卷1期,頁27-29。
  2. 周淑卿,2000,中小學鄉土教育的問題與展望,課程與教學季刊,3卷3期,頁91-102。
  3. 林世洲,2000,使用活動單的參觀模式對國一學生參觀「台北市立天文科學教育館」的影響,師大科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 楊淑君,1990,台灣水庫集水域型態與營運特徵及其相關研究,國立台灣師範大學地理學系研究所碩士論文。
  5. 蔡居澤,1996,戶外教育的涵義及其發展之探討,公民訓育學報,5卷,頁283-302。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游翰杰(2011)。台東縣國小六年級學童鄉土知識與鄉土態度之關聯性研究。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-93。 
  2. 梁閔涵(2009)。關山親水公園植物資源調查應用在國小戶外教學成效之研究。屏東科技大學熱帶農業暨國際合作系所學位論文。2009。1-125。 
  3. 蔡世煌(2008)。高雄市原生植物園戶外自然教學活動對國小四年級學童科學態度影響之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2008。1-134。 
  4. 申士芳(2002)。桃園縣虎頭山地區高中地理實察課程教學資源的分析與應用---以一年級通論地理課程為例。臺灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-242。
  5. 劉虹伶(2004)。國民小學校外教學課程設計與合作模式之研究—以臺北市休閒農場為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-160。
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