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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊程、江明錦 (2009)。促進拍賣社群成員持續互動之整合模式:結合滿意度與社會構面因素。電子商務學報,11(1),119-142。
  2. 吳盛、王貴英、劉忠誠 (2009)。知識傳遞管道豐富度認知之研究-以 e-learning 的環境來探討。資訊管理學報,16(3),1-28。
  3. 吳瑞堯、李坤清、張達仁 (2008)。企業資源規劃系統導入對資訊部門組織氣候及工作滿意度之影響。Electronic Commerce Studies, 6(2),229-248。
  4. 陳煜璋、吳佳純、黃菱鈺 (2013)。社群網站之認知關鍵多數與資訊豐富度於學習滿意度之影響-以facebook為例。Electronic Commerce Studies, 11(3),269- 288。
  5. 劉昱志 (2007)。即時通訊軟體使用對於組織溝通滿意影響之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
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