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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于宗先 (2004)。台灣幼年人口銳減的警訊。經濟前瞻雙月刊,3,26-31。
  2. 田文欽 (2007)。國中兼任行政教師工作滿意度與組織承諾關係研究-以台北縣為例。國立台灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班。台北市。
  3. 伍嘉綺 (2007)。台北市私立高職教師因應少子化之意見調查研究。國立臺灣師範工業教育學研究所碩士論文。台北。
  4. 吳定 (2003)。國中休閒生活型態與幸福感之研究-以台灣中部地區公私立國中學生為例。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班。台中市。
  5. 李家安、郭昭佑 (2014),教師工作滿意度的新觀點-從第三域的視角出發。
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