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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王思文、張弘遠(2010)。〈地方新興節慶活動對於地方觀光發展效益探討─以參觀遊客滿意度進行分析〉,《島嶼觀光研究》,3(3):1-21。
  2. 王雯君(2005)。〈客家邊界:客家意象的詮釋與重建〉,《東吳社會學報》,18:117-156。
  3. 白宗易、力佳潔(2010)。〈遊客參與東港迎王祭典滿意度與文化認同度之探討〉,《身體文化學報》,11:1-25。
  4. 江昱仁、蔡進發、黃馨嬅(2008)。〈生態旅遊地遊客動機與場所依戀之研究─以墾丁國家公園南仁山生態保護區為例〉,《生物與休閒事業研究》,6(3):47-70。
  5. 吳宗瓊、鄭智鴻、楊淑涓、莊庭禎(2003)。〈「農耕體驗型」與「遊憩型」市民農園之產品/服務策略之分析〉,《農業經營管理年刊》,9:172-194。
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