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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗惠(2007)。從高齡教育機構開設的課程類別評析高齡學習內容之發展趨勢。課程與教學季刊,10(1),83-96。
  2. 胡淑惠(2009)。成人學生對邁向成功老化的認知、學習準備程度及學習需求之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  3. 張瀝分、龔玉齡、范晉嘉、陳麗珠(2008)。從事高齡產業人員學習需求之初探。嘉南學報,34,676-688。
  4. 郭昱均(2003)。高雄市長青學苑高齡者生活型態與學習需求之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  5. 陳怡璇(2011)。戰後嬰兒潮男性對於活躍老化學習重要性認知及參與之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中正大學,嘉義縣。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慧珊(2013)。退休生涯規劃與活躍老化關係之研究—以桃園縣教育志工為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2013。1-138。 
  2. 楊志和(2013)。活躍老化高齡者學習特質之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-241。
  3. 王月玲(2013)。祖父母對於老化學習認知與需求之研究:活躍老化的觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-229。
  4. 陳雪珠(2014)。活躍老化樂齡學習系統方案規劃之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-277。
  5. 黃雪雅(2015)。高齡教學專業人才培訓之研究:Kirkpatrick的學習層面之評估。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-110。
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