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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李克翰(2009)。成年肢體障礙者身體形象、自卑感與因應策略之研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商學系碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 李新民、陳密桃(2007)實用智能、目標導向、自我效能對工作表現之影響探析:以幼兒教師為例《國立高雄師範大學教育學系教育學刊》,28期,頁63-100。
  3. 林麗惠(2008)。自卑經驗探討--以女性成人為例。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版。
  4. 許心又(2012)。以阿德勒觀點探討自卑感與成就動機之關係對於工作滿意影響。元智大學管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版。
  5. 黃琬婷(2014)。特殊教育教師助理員工作壓力、組織承諾、自我效能與工作績效相關之研究。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
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