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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭家銓、牟鍾福、吳政崎(2009)。國際跆拳道聯盟與世界跆拳道聯盟談判結構之探討。臺灣體育運動管理學報,9,P135-161
  2. 周桂名、陳維智、蔡明昌(2010)。採用 LAJUST 電子護具對跆拳道比賽影響之技術分析~以2010年亞運會初選暨亞洲盃國家代表隊選拔賽為例。競技運動,12(1),1-9。
  3. 胡博綱、秦玉芳、陳銨漵、蘇泰源(2011)。跆拳道比賽新規則攻擊動作技術分析之研究。運動研究,20(2),15-23。
  4. 劉昭晴、相子元(1997)。跆拳道比賽男,女得分動作之成績分析。中華體育季刊,11(1),88-96。
  5. 陳志文、秦玉芳、相子元(2004)。跆拳道新規則對上端攻擊動作之得分與違規型態之研究。大專體育學刊,6(1),149-162。
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