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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農業委員會特有生物研究保育中心(2002)。高雄縣市植物資源,14-32頁。
  2. 行政院農業委員會特有生物研究保育中心(2002)。屏東縣市植物資源,147頁。
  3. 林國慶(2003)。平地造林政策之分析。農業經濟叢刊8:111-140。
  4. 張傳炯(2003)。鳳頭蒼鷹尾羽之觀察:不同年齡、性別間之比較。台灣猛禽研究1:11-15。
  5. 黃光瀛、劉小如、林曜松(2008)。鳳頭蒼鷹(Accipiter trivergatus)於鑲嵌森林地景中之食性及與共域台灣松雀鷹(A. vergatus)之區隔。林業研究季刊30:45-56。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉家慧(2015)。中台灣都市化對生態變遷之影響研究。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  2. 詹芳澤(2014)。台灣野生猛禽傷病原因、血液學及吸入性麻醉劑Isoflurane與Sevoflurane應用研究。中興大學獸醫學系暨研究所學位論文。2014。1-97。 
  3. 林敬勛(2010)。台東鸞山地區台灣穿山甲(Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla)活動範圍與洞穴利用之研究。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2010。1-68。 
  4. 曾建偉(2010)。塔塔加地區灰林鴞活動模式和棲地選擇。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2010。1-56。 
  5. 林軒羽(2014)。臺灣黑翅鳶(Elanus caeruleus)族群分布趨勢及預測。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所學位論文。2014。1-48。 
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