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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王生佳(2009)。閱讀教學策略對閱讀態度與能力影響之研究:以智慧國小三年級閱讀童話為例。國立臺北教育大學語文與創作學系語文教學碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 何淑真(2003)。芬蘭的基礎教育。人本教育基金會電子報,檢索時間:2010年9月11日,取自
  3. 郭玥妦(2008)。引導式閱讀策略融入網路讀書會於提升國小五年級閱讀素養成效之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士論文。未出版,台北縣。
  4. 郭翠秀(2006)。閱讀教學與國民小學學童閱讀動機及行為的關係—以2005年PIRLS資料為例。國立中央大學學習與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  5. 陳永昌(2006)。給孩子一生最好的禮物──英國「Bookstart閱讀起步走」運動。全國新書資訊月刊,88,336-37。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳春慧(2012)。嘉義縣非典型弱勢地區國民小學校長閱讀教學領導之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2012。1-208。
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