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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王貞靜 (2001)。「多層級組織下責任會計之分析性研究」。未出版碩士論文,中原大學會計學研究所,中壢。
  2. 李春安與徐傳瑛 (2010)。「董事會獨立性與企業財務危機相關之研究」。管理與系統學刊,第十七卷,第3期,第467-499頁。
  3. 邱世宗 (2012)。「不完全資訊審計賽局之策略分析」。會計審計論叢,第二卷,第一期,第91-129頁。
  4. 林淑姬 (1992)。「薪酬公平、程式公平與組織承諾、組織公民行為關係之研究」。未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學企業管理研究所,台北。
  5. 林淑惠與胡星陽 (2003)。「上市公司高階經理人薪資結構」。經濟論文叢刊,第31卷,第2期,第171-206頁。
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