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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳立夫(2006)。澎湖海洋吸引力、服務品質與購後行為之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 吳運全(2002)。生態旅遊遊客環境態度與遊憩體驗關係之研究-以綠島為例,大專體育學數專刊,485-499。
  3. 李炳昭、陳一之(2009)。登山步道遊憩吸引力、服務品質、遊客滿意度與忠誠度影響模式建構之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,2(2),48-65。
  4. 李義祥、張晨瑜(2012)。2012台灣燈會遊客重遊意願之實證研究。育達科大學報,32,1-27。
  5. 李銘輝(1991)。遊憩需求與遊客行爲特性之探討。戶外遊憩研究,4(1),17-33。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪郁欣(2017)。遊客遊憩體驗、旅遊知覺價值與搭乘滿意度對再乘意願之研究-以澎湖某客輪為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-62。
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