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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方佳韻、陳碧涵(2010)。臺灣舞蹈團體的永續經營-談企業贊助。舞蹈教育,10,112-128。
  2. 王慶堂、蕭世中(2008)。2007 年世界盃棒球賽現場觀眾贊助廠商辨識能力之研究。運動休閒產業管理學術研討會論文集,2,383-391。
  3. 吳勤瑩(2010)。贊助商辨識率及對贊助和賽會的態度與贊助效益之關係-以全運會與海碩盃兩場賽事為例(未出版之碩士論文)。亞洲大學,臺中市。
  4. 呂振瑋(2008)。贊助商與賽事一致性在賽事認同對贊助效益影響之調節效果(未出版之碩士論文)。中央大學,桃園縣。
  5. 呂佳霙、黃中皓、王慶堂(2007)。職業棒球隊品牌權益衡量構面之初始建構。運動與遊憩研究,2(2),143-152.
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