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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 231 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤英愉(2009)。臺中市國民小學教師媒體素養與教學效能之相關研究(未出版的碩士論文)。私立中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所,台中。
  2. 方逸芸(1999)。國中生活科技教師教學信念及其相關因素之研究(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所,台北。
  3. 王秀惠(2002)。國小自然與生活科技領域教師教學信念、教學效能與教學行為之相關研究(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺南大學自然科學教育學系研究所,臺南。
  4. 王秀惠、蔣佳玲(2004)。高雄縣國小自然與生活科技領域教師教學信念與教學行為之相關研究。科學教育研究與發展季刊,37,67-79。
  5. 王美華(2005)。國小慈濟教師教學信念與教學行為之研究(未出版的碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學教育學系研究所,高雄。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王維震(2013)。採用國際財務報導準則後內部控制之建構與實證。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2013。1-172。
  2. 許文美(2014)。雲林縣國民小學教師情緒管理與教學效能關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-171。
  3. 丁女玲(2014)。國小教師參與碩士在職專班學習滿意度與教學效能關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-174。
  4. 廖昱雯(2014)。教育訓練師對繼續專業教育講師教學特色之探究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-124。
  5. 游慧貞(2017)。國中特教老師電腦自我效能與ICT融入教學效能相關研究-以臺北市為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-119。
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