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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.李素馨、蔡淑美(1995)。民眾參與在觀光規劃中之運用。觀光研究學報。1(1),66-79。
  2. 5.交通部觀光局(2007)。中華民國96年國人旅遊狀況調查。97年觀光統計年報。
  3. 6.江香樺,(2002),北投居民對觀光再發展影響之認知與態度研究,世新大學觀光學系碩士論文。
  4. 21.劉碧雯,(2002),國人對高爾夫球場遊憩認知與需求之研究,台中:朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士論文。
  5. 25.侯錦雄、林宗賢(2001)。視覺資源經理系統在國家風景區之建構-以日月潭國家風景區為例,都市與計畫,28(1) ,69-83。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃柏瑋(2012)。企業體驗行銷對營運績效的影響-以顧客滿意度為中介變項之研究。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-70。 
  2. 黃冠維(2010)。民眾有機食品認知、知覺風險對購買意願影響之研究-以台中縣市民眾為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-66。
  3. 曹校章(2011)。運動觀光滿意指標模式之研究-以日月潭國際萬人泳渡嘉年華運動觀光客為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-298。
  4. 潘玉凱(2017)。消費者對基因改造食品認知與購買意願。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-62。
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