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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2006)‧衛生統計:生命統計‧臺灣:行政院衛生署。
  2. 吳明隆(2005)‧SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計‧台北巿:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  3. 李怡娟、吳麗瑜、張麗春、陳俞琪(2005)‧充能式教育在長期照護機構的運用—以安養護機構中的外籍照顧服務員為對象‧護理雜誌52(6),23-28。
  4. 房美玉(2002)‧儲備幹部人格特質甄選量表之建立與應用--以某高科技公司為例‧人力資源管理學報,2(l ) , 1-18 。
  5. 林春只、曾明月(2005)‧照顧服務員工作滿意度及其相關因素探討‧長期照護雜誌‧9(4),349-360。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昱婷(2012)。台中市居家照顧服務員專業認同之探討。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2012。1-100。
  2. 黃美珍(2013)。全日型身心障礙福利機構教保員職能評選模式之建構。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2013。1-130。
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