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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Akin, L.(1998).Methods for Examining Small Literatures: Explication, Physical Analysis, and Citation Patterns.Library and Information Science Research,20(3),251-270.
  2. Culnan, M. J.(1990).Intellectual Structure of Research in Organizational Behavior, 1972-1984: A Co-citation Analysis.Journal of the American Society for Information Science,41(6),453-458.
  3. Culnan, M. J.(1987).Mapping the Intellectual Structure of MIS, 1980-1985: A Co-Citation Analysis.MIS Quarterly,11(3),341-352.
  4. Eom, S. B.(1996).Mapping the Intellectual Structure of Research in Decision Support Systems through Author Co-citation Analysis (1971-1993).Decision Support Systems,16(4),315-338.
  5. Ernst, H.(1997).The Use of Patent Data for Technological Forecasting: The Diffusion of CNC-technology in the Machine Tool Industry.Small Business Economics,9,361-381.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉瓊芳(2008)。隨機對照試驗醫學文獻共被引現象分析。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-180。 
  2. 郭品辰(2014)。使用專利共引證分析光儲存產業技術發展軌跡與技術生命週期預測之研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-166。 
  3. 張沛淇(2013)。光儲存專利池與創新績效之研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-75。 
  4. 邱緯民(2011)。專利代理人推薦系統之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-51。 
  5. 劉任昌(Jen-Chang Liu);葉馬可(Mark Yeats);蔡旺龍(Wang-Lung Tsai)(2017)。狗吠火車無三小路用?評論學者發表英文著作卻不揭露管理學報相似著作之傳統。科學與人文研究。4(2)。52-85。 
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