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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 16 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文斌(2005)。中華職棒大聯盟教練團管理績效評估分析。台灣體育運動管理學報,3,183-200。
  2. 蔡守浦、黃成志(2004)。2002年後台灣職棒振興現象檢討:以中華職棒大聯盟的分合為觀察核心。大專體育,72,28-33。
  3. 中華職棒全球資訊網
  4. 2003中華職棒紀錄年鑑(2004)。台北:中華職棒事業股份有限公司。
  5. Chames, A.,Cooper, W. W.(1985).Preface topics in Data Envelopment Analysis.Annals of Operations Research,2,59-94.
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王暐雄(2012)。台、日職棒球團績效。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2012。1-53。 
  2. 黃偉展(2015)。我國推動學校棒球運動績效評估-以六都直轄市為例。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-71。 
  3. 曾詩韻(2008)。多國籍資訊科技產業的經營效率與市場價值之研究。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2008。1-89。 
  4. 李俞麟(Yu-Lin Lee);施致平(Chih-Pin Shih);翁仲邦(Chung-Bang Weng)(2013)。資料包絡分析法應用於大專校院運動代表對績效評估之探討。中華體育季刊。27(2)。127-136。 
  5. 方進義(Chin-Yi Fang);鄭志富(Chih-Fu Cheng);林欣慧(Shin-Huei Lin)(2013)。中華職棒野手球員的國籍、年資、球隊效果與換隊頻率對其績效之影響:1990年到2010年。體育學報。46(3)。291-302。 
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