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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Arredondo, P.,Lewis, J.,D. C. Locke,J. E. Myers,E. L. Herr (Eds.)(2001).The handbook of counseling.London:SAGE.
  2. Cook. E. P.,Park, W.,Williams, C. T.,Webb, M.,Nicholson, B.,Schncider, D.,Bassman, S.(1984).Stuclents` perceptions of personal problems. appropriate help sources, and general attitudes about counseling.Journal of College Student Personnel,25,139-145.
  3. Cowger, E. L.,Hinkle, J. S.,DeRidder, L. M.,Erk R. R.(1991).CACREP community counseling programs: Present status and implications for the future.Journal of Mental Health Counseling,13(2),172-186.
  4. Cummings. N. A.(1995).Impact of managed care on employment and training: A primer for survival.Professional psychology: Research and Practice,26,10-15.
  5. Gladding, S. T.,Ryan. M.,D. C. Locke,J. E. Myers.,E. L. Herr (Eds.)(2001).The handbook of counseling.London:SAGE..
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉品鈺(2015)。心理治療使用對精神科病人治療成效之探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-208。 
  2. 張淑芬(Shu-Fen Chang)(2015)。心理師從事家庭暴力暨性侵害類社區諮商之跨專業系統合作能力初探研究。教育心理學報。47(1)。23-43。 
  3. 廖芝慧(2006)。我國師範院校碩士在職專班學員學習輔導需求與意願關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2006。1-132。
  4. 陳珮萱(2008)。青少年及其父母求助歷程之探討。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2008。1-142。
  5. 王嘉琪(2010)。大學生憂鬱情緒、自尊、污名化、自我揭露與求助態度之關係。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-168。
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