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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林明昕(2018)。2017年行政法發展回顧。臺大法學論叢,47(特刊),1727-1735+1739+1741-1742。
  2. 林明鏘(2019)。大學自治與自治監督的平衡:以台大校長遴選案論立法學之重要性。2019年台灣行政法學會年度學術研討會:自治行政之民主正當性與監督,臺北:
  3. 林明鏘(2018)。評臺灣2017年公務員退撫制度之改革:制度改革與信賴保護之衡平。法治國原則與2018年金改革,臺北:
  4. (2003).Handbuch des Staatsrechts.
  5. 2018年11月30日修正之動物傳染病防治條例第45條之1規定
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯素萍(2017)。不利處分定性爭議之研究-以「其他種類行政罰」為中心。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-141。 
  2. 陳彥霖(2015)。行政爭訟與國家賠償之交錯-以第一次權利救濟優先原則為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-328。 
  3. 林裕恆(2013)。從警察取締性工作者論性交易制度之規範。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-166。 
  4. 黃健彰(Chien-Chang Huang)(2013)。結構體以外之工作或非重大修繕適用承攬人抵押權規定之探討。臺大法學論叢。42(3)。497-552。 
  5. 詹益龍(2014)。公務人力績效管理策略之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-238。
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