Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (1)卞宏邦,「探討美國專利訴訟策略之研究-以LGD VS. CPT案為例」,台灣大學,碩士論文,民國一百年。
  2. (2)王俊傑、陳達仁、黃慕萱,「從專利觀點比較台灣與南韓技術創新能力(1987-2006)」。政大智慧財產評論,5:2,頁31-51,民國九十六年。
  3. (13) 陳清暐,「專利訴訟之被告防衛方法-以確認專利無效及不侵權訴訟為中心」,清華大學,碩士論文,民國九十九年。
  4. (19) 楊謹瑋,「台灣廠商與美國大廠專利訴訟之因應-3M控告中國砂輪公司安件為例」,世新大學,碩士論文,民國九十六年。
  5. (20) 董允瑩,「以美國國際貿易委員會專利訴訟進行專利評價因素之研究」,國立交通大學,碩士論文,民國九十九年。
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