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親密伴侶殺人案件之分析:以男性謀殺女性案件為例

Intimate Partner Femicide

Abstracts


研究目的:親密伴侶暴力事件中最嚴重的就是導致被害人死亡之殺人案件,本研究以男性為加害者、女性為被害人之親密伴侶殺人案件為研究範圍,探討加害人與被害人之個人特性因素,雙方生活狀況與暴力情形,以及殺人事件之動機、方法、情境因素與結果。研究方法:採質性資料內容分析法,分析80件親密伴侶殺人案件之司法文書資料,以及其中46件具有通報家庭暴力案件資料庫之資料。研究結果:親密伴侶殺人案件重要之加害人個人特性相關因素包括加害人具有犯罪前科、酗酒及有精神疾病;而殺人案件發生前之重要前置因素有加害人施暴於被害人、懷疑被害人感情不忠及被害人提出分手。多數之親密伴侶殺人案件被害人有遭加害人施暴之經驗,但被害人向正式資源求助之比例低。殺害行為以無預謀情形為多,而加害人懷疑被害人感情不忠是最重要之動機因素,雙方分手時機是重要促發情境。另加害者於殺害被害人後,有二成以上之案件有加害人殺人-自殺之行為發生。研究結論:研究者提出了與相關研究的對話,並對本土未來學術研究與實務防治策略提出建議。

Parallel abstracts


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze intimate partner femicide incidents, the characteristics of the offenders, and the relationship between the offenders and the victims in Taiwan. The prior violent behavior of the couple and the victim's help-seeking record were also examined. Understanding the offenders' motives, killing methods, situational factors, and the case results are additional study goals. Methods: Eighty intimate partner femicide cases were identified from court verdicts. Among them, 46 of the deceased had reported domestic violence to authorities prior to their murder. The court documents and the violence records were both reviewed. Results: Results indicated that offenders had a history of other criminal behavior, alcohol abuse, and mental illness. More than half of the victims were abused by their offender, although few had asked for help from the authorities. Nine victims had protection orders when they were killed The majority of the homicides were initiated without previous planning, implying the importance of situational factors. The main reason for the homicide was the offender's suspicion of the victim's infidelity and the most dangerous time frame was when the couple initiated a break up or started legal separation. Over 20 percent were murder-suicides. Conclusions: This study suggested a femicide incident's diagram, and future studies could pay more attention on the difference of domestic violence femicide and other murder cases. Moreover, this study also suggested that victims' services should include a danger assessment and consider safety plans in addition to protection orders.

References


內政部警政署刑事警察局(2009):《97年中華民國刑案統計》。台北:內政部警政署刑事警察局
王珮玲()。,未出版。
王珮玲(2010)。親密伴侶暴力案件保護令成效與相關因素之研究:以禁制、遷出及遠離令為例。社會政策與社會工作學刊。14(2),1-47。
王珮玲(2012)。台灣親密關係暴力危險評估表(TIPVDA)之建構與驗證。社會政策與社會工作學刊。16(1),1-58。
王珮玲、范國勇()。,未出版。

Cited by


黃昱諴(2019)。目睹暴力兒少成年後親密關係經營模式探討〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST202000462
方子杰(2020)。社會安全網心衛社工跨網絡工作經驗:以南高屏地區為例〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST202000446
黃楷婷(2015)。婦女的親密關係暴力迷思與父權主義之關係-以屏東縣為例〔碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6346/NPUST.2015.00066
馮文儷(2013)。台灣地區2001年至2010年女性受親密伴侶暴力致死與非親密伴侶暴力致死傷害形態之比較〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2013.00307
詹瑋薇(2016)。原住民男性親密暴力者施暴經驗與防治策略之探究〔碩士論文,國立中正大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0033-2110201614055677

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